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COVID-19: The Basics

We've all got a role to play in the global response to 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Here are some of the basics around the actions we can take to prevent the onward transmission of the virus.


One of the highly effective strategies we have for limiting the spread of COVID-19 is physical distancing (aka social distancing). This means avoiding close contact with others and leaving at least 1.5 metres between you and other people. This also means avoiding group gatherings. In fact, restrictions on the number of people who can gather together are now in effect.

And if you are feeling unwell, it is important that you stay away from others.

If you’re seriously unwell, contact your local GP. To be safe, call first. This allows them to ask you some questions and prepare an appropriate space to receive you. They may refer you directly to a service that can better look after you.


Basic Hygiene is so important to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 and a range of other diseases. This includes:

  • Avoid touching your mouth or face wherever possible.
  • Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing with a tissue or into a bent elbow (Throw away the tissue immediately, after use).
  • Frequently wash your hands – use soap and water for at least 20 seconds each time.
  • And use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser with over 60 per cent alcohol when you can't wash your hands.


Maintaining good general health will give your immune system the best chance at fighting off the virus if you get it. Maintaining a good sleep pattern, hygiene, diet, and exercise where possible are ways to keep healthy - and also improve mental health and wellbeing.


Roll-out of the COVID-19 vaccine is currently underway. Find out more information here.


There is a lot of misinformation out there. Reliable information is important as we continue to respond to COVID-19. You can best stay up to date via the Victorian Department of Health website. It’s frequently updated with information and resources.

Check out the DHHS website


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